Philadelphia, Main Line, and Ardmore, Pennsylvania Cosmetic Dentistry.
It is the study of conditions and diseases that affect the supporting structures of the teeth. Dr. Lindsey Marshall … Click to go to the page of Dr Lindsey Marshall … and her dental team emphasize the importance of taking preventative measures to maintain the structural health of your teeth and gums, and thus prevent gum disease.
Factors Contributing to Gum Disease
Poor dental hygiene is not the only cause of gum disease, although it is a common one. Other causes include:
Not every dentist offers periodontic services – some may refer you to a colleague who has more training and experience. Dr. Marshall is qualified to perform periodontic treatment as part of her general and cosmetic dentistry practice. She also has LVI training in physiologic dentistry and can assess whether or not jaw clenching or tooth grinding have contributed to your periodontal disease.
Frequently Asked Questions
Your common questions answered by the experts.
- What Is Gum Disease?
Gum disease (periodontal disease) is very common, yet many people know little about it and may even suffer from the condition without knowing. Gum disease is also called periodontal disease because it affects the periodontium, or structures that support teeth. They are:
- The gums (gingiva).
- The cementum (calcified covering over a tooth root).
- The periodontal ligaments (attach a tooth to the bone).
- The alveolar (jaw) bone with tooth sockets.
Periodontal disease is an infection that can damage the teeth, gums and supporting jaw bone if not treated in its early stages. In her Philadelphia dentistry practice, Dr. Lindsey Marshall emphasizes the importance of proper dental hygiene and oral care.
- How Does Gum Disease Start?
Gum disease starts as gingivitis, where bacteria have invaded the space between teeth and gums and damaged both structures. If gingivitis is not treated, it will progress to periodontitis, the second and more destructive stage of gum disease. Now bacterial damage extends below the gumline, starts to damage the tooth roots, and at some point spreads into the jawbone. Bacteria enter the bloodstream and travel around the body, causing problems with the heart, increasing stroke risk, and contributing to diabetes.
Periodontitis is thought of in three stages:
- Chronic periodontitis – inflammation is ongoing and established.
- Aggressive periodontitis – infection is spreading quickly through the gums.
- Necrotizing periodontal disease – infection is entering the jawbone and causing significant pain, bleeding and loss of gum tissue, as well as chronic bad breath (halitosis).
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